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Posted in Reviews | |

A new U.S. study has suggested that young women with breast cancer often overestimate both their chance of developing cancer in the other breast and how much removal of that breast is likely to protect them.

Secondary Risks Of Breast Cancer May Be Overestimated By Women

The lead author of the study said evidence shows removing the cancer-free breast does not improve survival rates. This was after almost all in a survey of women diagnosed with cancer in one breast between ages 26 and 40 who chose to have a double mastectomy said a desire to extend their life was a very important part of the decision.

“For some women it might be the right decision, but you want to make sure they’re making the decision based on the correct information,” said Shoshana M. Rosenberg, from the Susan F. Smith Center for Women’s Cancers at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston.

Rosenberg said despite the fact that mastectomy does reduce the chance of a second cancer in the breast, the real concern is the risk of developing metastatic disease as a result of the original cancer. It was noted by Rosenberg that more and more women with breast cancer are having both breasts removed.

Survey participants “vastly overestimated their risk,” according to Rosenberg.

“Obviously, when they’re making this decision it’s a very anxious time, especially in younger women,” Rosenberg said.

“The complications are almost never life-threatening, but they can certainly compromise a patient’s health,” Dr. Todd Tuttle, a surgical oncologist at the University of Minnesota Medical Center’s Breast Center in Minneapolis, said.

A study has revealed that teachers with higher levels of confidence in their abilities can encourage pre-school students to gain more language and literacy skills.

Preschoolers Helped With Literacy Skills By Confident Teachers

It was however revealed that students only experienced gains when their teachers also had classrooms that emphasized emotional support for the children. This study was published in an issue of the journal Teaching and Teacher Education.

“Emotionally responsive relationships between teachers and children may be the way by which the self-efficacy of teachers can have a positive influence on children’s literacy,” said Ying Guo, co-author of the study and a postdoctoral researcher in education at Ohio State University.

The researchers involved a large, multi-state study including 67 teachers and 328 of their students. The level of emotional support in the classrooms was measured by trained coders who coded how students and teachers interact with each other. It was disclosed by the results that students whose teachers had high self-efficacy showed gains in one measure of early literary skills called print awareness and children only demonstrated gains in vocabulary knowledge skills when they had a classroom that offered emotional support in addition to having a teacher with high self-efficacy.

“Classroom quality is important, and students seem to learn more when they have emotional support in the classroom,” Guo said.

The research also revealed that teachers who had more years of pre-school teaching experience also had lower levels of self-efficacy.

“It is not that uncommon,” explained Laura Justice, co-author of the study and a professor in the School of Teaching and Learning at Ohio State. “Fresh teachers who are straight out of training think that they can change the world. Then, when they get into the work place they realize how serious and difficult their jobs really are. This is why we think self-efficacy may decline among some pre-school teachers through the years,” she added.

Posted in Reviews | |

If you own a farming land or into agriculture business, there is no use telling you that the value of farm machinery has changed over the last few decades. Therefore, it is very important that you should opt for premium-quality yet new or budget-friendly used farm machinery. However, this is not an easy task by any standard.

How To Smartly Buy Farm Machinery

One of the biggest advantages of buying farm machinery like harvesters for sale is that you can the best deals online. Moreover, you can always be assured that all the information is accurate and the associated service, price, features, and quality are right there with the very best. By opting for this, you also ensure that the financial burden of buying costly machinery is reduced in the first place itself.

Secondly, online farm machinery deals help you use the “saved money” to buy other farm equipments like rice planter, tractor, crane, or bulldozer. If that was not all, you get complete and uninterrupted access to the best and latest used farm machinery for sale that may have otherwise came to the notice of competitors. Thirdly, you get to choose the right products for your farm and have comparison tools that help you identify the pros and cons of your farm machinery purchases beforehand.

The list of benefits does not end here. You even get the best insurance options and reap the benefits of quick and almost ready arrangements for exporting the machinery, which is as good as a new one with high productivity. All you should do is to perform a comprehensive search about the farm machines, equipments, and the sellers so that you always make an informed decision. Moreover, you should never compromise on quality and after-sale services of the used farm machinery. If that can be done, this can surely be a smart choice!

October 18, 2013

Success Of Students Improved By Relationships
Author: admin

Posted in Youth Development | |

Establishing relationships may be a powerful and less expensive way for improving the success of students, according to researchers from University of Missouri.

In a review of the research, it was found that students with positive attachments to their schools and teachers have higher grades and higher standardized test scores.

Success Of Students Improved By Relationships

“In this era of accountability, enhancing student-teacher relationships is not merely an add-on, but rather is fundamental to raising achievement,” said Christi Bergin, associate professor in the MU College of Education. “Secure student-teacher relationships predict greater knowledge, higher test scores, greater academic motivation and fewer retentions or special education referrals. Children who have conflicted relationships with teachers tend to like school less, are less self-directed and cooperate less in the classroom.”

“To be effective, teachers must connect with and care for children with warmth, respect and trust,” said David Bergin, associate professor of educational psychology, and the other author of the article. “In addition, it is important for schools to make children feel secure and valued, which can liberate them to take on intellectual and social challenges and explore new ideas.”

The authors found that student attachment influences school success as children with healthy attachment are able to control emotions and are more socially competent and willing to take on challenging learning tasks in the classroom.

September 26, 2013

How And Why To Get A Masters In Social Work Online?
Author: admin

Posted in Reviews | |

Many people want to become social workers because they want to have a chance to change the world. They see this as a way to work with people who do not have any other way to get help, who need assistance so that their lives can be turned around. It is a slow process, but you can change the world, one life at a time. You can help someone in need. What could be more fulfilling than that? However, before you decide that this is what you want to do with your life, there are a few things that you should know.

How And Why To Get A Masters In Social Work Online

To start with, you will probably have to get more than an undergrad degree. Most job descriptions ask for people with a Masters degree if you really want to be a social worker. There are other things that you can do with an undergrad degree, such as working in the office, in an administrative capacity, but you cannot actually be a case worker. There are some exceptions to the rule – such as if you know a language that no other case workers know – but this is usually how it works. If you are not willing to get a Masters in social work online, this might not be right for you.

The next thing that you need to know is that you are never really going to be off the job. Most of the people that you work with will have your phone number. They will call you whenever they need you, even if you have gone home for the day. This is not your typical 9-5 job. A lot of your work will be done between those hours, but, if you really do want to help people, you have to be willing to be a bit more flexible with when you work and what you do.

If you are still looking for this type of job, the best thing that you can do besides getting your masters is to learn a new language. Many social workers actually work with refugees who have come here from other countries. They could speak languages outside of the ones commonly spoken in your area – which are probably English, Spanish and French if you are in the United States. Learning a more obscure language could put you ahead of all of the other applicants when you actually apply for a job.