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Teens Under Pressure To Be Sexting

Author: admin
December 20, 2013

Posted in News | |

Friends and romantic partners are the main source of social pressure when it comes to pressures of sexting on adolescents, outweighing the own attitudes of adolescents, as per a new research.

Teens Under Pressure To Be Sexting

This research evaluated the principal drivers of sexting and suggested areas for educators to focus upon in order for highlighting the potential risks involved in sexting.

The paper ‘Under pressure to sext? Applying the theory of planned behavior to adolescent sexting’, by Michel Walrave, Wannes Heirman & Lara Hallam, was published in Behavior & Information Technology.

Sexting is described as sharing of sexually explicit text messages or naked/semi-naked self-pictures using mobile phones.

The authors note that “Remarkably, only the behavioral beliefs that expected positive outcomes of sexting were significant in predicting adolescents’ willingness to engage in it.” “The more positive the perceived social pressure that originates from these two categories of referents — who mostly belong to the peer group — the more adolescents will be inclined to engage in sexting.”

The researchers’ findings confirm that: “Rather than adapting their motivations to sext to their own subjective evaluations, adolescents are influenced relatively more by the social pressure that they anticipate receiving from significant others.”

COPD Subtype May Be Indicated By Chronic Bronchitis

Author: admin
November 30, 2013

Posted in News | |

Chronic bronchitis is a common health complication among patients with chronic obstructive disease (COPD) and it may highlight a subtype of the disease that places patients at risk for increased severity and exacerbations, say researchers.

COPD Subtype May Be Indicated By Chronic Bronchitis

Jean Corhay (CHU Sart-Tilman, Liège, Belgium) and colleagues studied 974 patients with Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) stage 2–4 disease and found that 64 percent had chronic bronchitis. These affected patients had significantly more chronic respiratory failure, cachexia, and skeletal muscle wasting than other patients, and a greater number of pack–years smoking, poorer spirometry results, and were more likely to have emphysema.

Corhay and colleagues, writing in the International Journal of Clinical Practice, say that their results help clarify the prevalence of chronic bronchitis among COPD patients, as well as suggest that it “could represent a subtype of COPD that is easy to identify in clinical practice and appears to be associated with increased disease severity and with a high risk of exacerbations.”

However, Pierre-Regis Burgel (Paris Descartes University, France) writing in an accompanying editorial disagrees.

“[A]ssessment of individual risk cannot rely on this single disease attribute,” he comments, noting that in a previous study the risk for COPD-related death was moderately increased in those with chronic bronchitis and mild airflow limitation but markedly increased in those with chronic bronchitis and severe airflow limitation.

“In conclusion, cough and sputum production may be markers of an active disease process in COPD patients, and may be used, in association with other [patient] characteristics, to identify patients at high risk of outcomes (e.g., exacerbations, death).”

Posted in News | |

Acute illnesses, such as colds, flu, and gastroenteritis are more common among healthy adolescents who got less sleep at night, according to newly-released findings from Bradley Hospital published in the Journal of Sleep Research.

Lack Of Sleep Linked To Higher Risk Of Illness In Teenagers

It was further disclosed that the sleep schedule regularities of teenagers had an impact on their health. The study, titled “Sleep patterns are associated with common illness in adolescents,” was led by Kathryn Orzech, Ph.D. of the Bradley Hospital Sleep Research Laboratory.

“Some news reaches the general public about the long-term consequences of sleep deprivation, such as the links between less sleep and weight gain,” said Orzech. “However, most of the studies of sleep and health have been done under laboratory conditions that cannot replicate the complexities of life in the real world. Our study looked at rigorously collected sleep and illness data among adolescents who were living their normal lives and going to school across a school term.”

“We showed that there are short-term outcomes, like more acute illness among shorter-sleeping adolescents, that don’t require waiting months, years or decades to show up,” Orzech continued. “Yes, poor sleep is linked to increased cardiovascular disease, to high cholesterol, to obesity, to depression, etc., but for a teenager, staying healthy for the dance next week, or the game on Thursday, may be more important. This message from this study is clear: Sleep more, and more regularly, get sick less.”

Mary Carskadon, Ph.D., director of the Bradley Hospital Sleep Research Laboratory, commented on Orzech’s study, “We have long been examining the sleep cycles of teenagers and how we might be able to help adolescents — especially high school students — be better rested and more functional in a period of their lives where sleep seems to be a luxury.” Carskadon continued, “In the future, these findings identifying specific issues in individual sleep patterns may be a useful way to help adolescents begin to prioritize sleep.”

Posted in Reviews | |

A new U.S. study has suggested that young women with breast cancer often overestimate both their chance of developing cancer in the other breast and how much removal of that breast is likely to protect them.

Secondary Risks Of Breast Cancer May Be Overestimated By Women

The lead author of the study said evidence shows removing the cancer-free breast does not improve survival rates. This was after almost all in a survey of women diagnosed with cancer in one breast between ages 26 and 40 who chose to have a double mastectomy said a desire to extend their life was a very important part of the decision.

“For some women it might be the right decision, but you want to make sure they’re making the decision based on the correct information,” said Shoshana M. Rosenberg, from the Susan F. Smith Center for Women’s Cancers at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston.

Rosenberg said despite the fact that mastectomy does reduce the chance of a second cancer in the breast, the real concern is the risk of developing metastatic disease as a result of the original cancer. It was noted by Rosenberg that more and more women with breast cancer are having both breasts removed.

Survey participants “vastly overestimated their risk,” according to Rosenberg.

“Obviously, when they’re making this decision it’s a very anxious time, especially in younger women,” Rosenberg said.

“The complications are almost never life-threatening, but they can certainly compromise a patient’s health,” Dr. Todd Tuttle, a surgical oncologist at the University of Minnesota Medical Center’s Breast Center in Minneapolis, said.

A study has revealed that teachers with higher levels of confidence in their abilities can encourage pre-school students to gain more language and literacy skills.

Preschoolers Helped With Literacy Skills By Confident Teachers

It was however revealed that students only experienced gains when their teachers also had classrooms that emphasized emotional support for the children. This study was published in an issue of the journal Teaching and Teacher Education.

“Emotionally responsive relationships between teachers and children may be the way by which the self-efficacy of teachers can have a positive influence on children’s literacy,” said Ying Guo, co-author of the study and a postdoctoral researcher in education at Ohio State University.

The researchers involved a large, multi-state study including 67 teachers and 328 of their students. The level of emotional support in the classrooms was measured by trained coders who coded how students and teachers interact with each other. It was disclosed by the results that students whose teachers had high self-efficacy showed gains in one measure of early literary skills called print awareness and children only demonstrated gains in vocabulary knowledge skills when they had a classroom that offered emotional support in addition to having a teacher with high self-efficacy.

“Classroom quality is important, and students seem to learn more when they have emotional support in the classroom,” Guo said.

The research also revealed that teachers who had more years of pre-school teaching experience also had lower levels of self-efficacy.

“It is not that uncommon,” explained Laura Justice, co-author of the study and a professor in the School of Teaching and Learning at Ohio State. “Fresh teachers who are straight out of training think that they can change the world. Then, when they get into the work place they realize how serious and difficult their jobs really are. This is why we think self-efficacy may decline among some pre-school teachers through the years,” she added.